A small but charming country in Southeast Asia, Vietnam is always attractive destination for almost foreign tourists thanks to its breathtaking natural beauty, unique cuisine and diverse culture. From the north to the south, Vietnam offers tourists a vast diversity of beautiful landscapes, from verdant rice terraces, majestic mountains to long-stretching white sand beaches, ancient temples or lush winding canals and colorful floating markets. Among them, Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is a prominent destination in the Central Vietnam, which is favored by a lot of tourists who love learning and discovering the natural beauty of Vietnam.
Scenery surrounding Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Located in Quang Binh Province, about 500 kilometers from Hanoi capital to the south, Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park covers an area of more than 343 000 hectares in the ecological site of North Truong Son Mountain. The national park is considered a huge geological museum thanks to its complicated geological structure with different categories of stone including sandstone, quartz, schist, siliceous limestone, granite, granodiorite, diorite, applet, pegmatite and so on. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, Phong Nha Ke Bang is the oldest major karst mountain in Asia, formed approximately 400 million years ago.
The stunning beauty of Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park from high view
Phong Nha-Ke Bang Park is covered mostly with tropical rain forests, which is home to a vast diversity of animals and floras, including more than 100 types of mammal, 81 types of reptile and amphibian, and more than varieties of birds. Many endangered animal species still roam the area including black bears, tigers and elephants.
White-cheeked gibbon in Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha-Ke Bang Park features a 2,000sqkm of limestone zone and an impressive grotto and cave system with a total length of 70km, including dendritic caves, dry caves, suspended caves and terraced caves. The park is also home to the Hang Son Doong Cave, the world’s largest cave. Its biggest chamber is over five kilometers in length. In addition to the miraculous cave system, Phong Nha Ke Bang also contains Trooc River, Chay River and Son River with the fresh blue streams winding among the rock mountains with forests, creating a poetic beauty as a magnificent water – color painting.
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is the home of Son Doong Cave, the largest cave in the world
Composed of 300 caves and grottos, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park offers countless interesting activities, including exploring caves and grottos by boat, climbing mountains and trekking forests. The park is huge and home to a diverse floristic carpet; many of which are hardly found elsewhere. This is a great chance to learn more about rare and unusual species.
Camping in caves is a favorite activity of Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Additionally, Phong Nha-Ke Bang is also home to many ethnic minority groups, including Chut Sach, Chut May, Chut Ruc, Chut Arem, Chut Ma Lieng, and Chut Poong. Mostly they earn living by hunting, picking and live in extremely backward and wild conditions. But today, their life has been improving step by step, and these ethnic villages become an attractive place for tourists to explore and learn about culture and daily life of local people.